Wood 101

Orbital sander: Some refinishers choose to sand everything by hand, but using an orbital sander for all but the final sanding is just fine.

Sandpaper selection:
You’ll need a few different kinds of sandpaper for your project. Start with the coarsest sandpaper and move to the finest. We recommend using 120-grit, 150-grit, 180-grit, and 220-grit or higher for a smooth finish.

Grit Number - The larger the number, the finer the grit.

Weight - "A" weight paper is the lightest, most flexible kind. Best for most jobs.

Sanding block: Wrapping your sandpaper around a small piece of wood makes application much easier. Many wood finishers choose to line their sanding blocks with cork for comfort. Use a sanding block for large flat areas.

Special sanding tools: Depending on your project, you may want to use special tools like sanding cords for removing finish from crevices or teardrop sanding blocks.

Scraper: Use scrapers to remove loosened finishes. Some scrapers come with different sized heads to reach detailed areas.

Chemical strippers: As a rule of thumb, the safer the stripper, the longer it takes to remove the finish. Be sure to use the stripper that’s best for your workshop and read the directions carefully.

Cloth rags: Many finishers prefer applying stain and some finishes with a cloth rag. Be very careful with your used rags and towels. Lay them out to dry before throwing them away. Rags wet with oil-based products have been known to spontaneously combust.

Natural bristle paint brush: Use a good quality natural bristle brush for oil-based applications.
Synthetic paint brush: Use a synthetic paint brush for applying water-based finishes.

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Safety Goggles
Dust mask or respirator
Drop cloths